Ivan Kornelovich Skliar 1)
Son of Kornel Prokofovich Skliar and N.N..
Born ± 1880 Hadyatskyi, Poltava, Ukraine 2)
Died 1950 Ukraine, approximately 70 years 3)
Military service: Junior Officer (Ensign) - White Russian army: taken prisoner of war b 1923 y Bolsheviks *Romanian GPU". 2)
Notes: Ivan Skliar attended a seminary and trained to become a priest. He was highly successful and owned a huge house and estate which his grandson Wsewolod, visited on occasion during the 1930s. He lived in Kharkov on Klochkovska Road.
It is believed his father was Jewish, however his mother was not Jewish. Therefore, according to the Jewish tradition he did not take the Jewish faith. His descendants were all Greek Orthodox.
Ivan was opposed to the bolsheviks; a Junior Officer (Прапорщик) in the White Russian Movement, he was taken as prisoner of war by the Romny GPU in 1923.
For more information see Victor Skliar, his son.He is likely to have had multiple children: circumstantial evidence available for multiple other sons of Ivan in around Poltava / Kharkiv.
Anna Piwowarowa 1)
1. Maria Ivanova Skliar
2. Victor Ivanovich Skliar 1) 4) 3) 5)
Born 28 Jul 1899 Sakhnovshchyna, Kharkiv, Ukraine 1) 6) 3)
Died 31 Mar 1964 London, England, 64 years 6) 3)
Occupation: 1 Jan 1938 Sakhnovshchyna, Kharkiv, Ukraine; Book-keeper in a cooperative office 1)
Residences: 6 Sep 1945 Eugenbach, Landshut, Bavaria, Germany 1), between 24 Jun and 1 Dec 1945 Eugenbach, Landshut, Bavaria, Germany 7)
Departure: Left his home with his son Aug 1943 Sakhnovshchyna, Kharkiv, Ukraine 1) 3)
Departure: Registered at AEF Assembly Center for English Labour Mission. Cancelle 9 Feb 1948 Ganacker, Bavaria, Germany d 31 March 1848 8)
Notes: The Skliar family of Sakhnovschina were relatively wealthy, middle classed citizens. This generation of the family was highly religious, specifically Greek Orthodox. Ivan Skliar attended a seminary and trained to become a priest like his father. He was highly successful and owned a huge house and estate which his grandson Wsewolod, visited on occasion during the 1930s. Victor the elder had at least two children; Victor and one daughter. The daughter was to become headteacher of a local primary school in Sakhnovschina.
Family stories state that Victor was an educated person, having attended the Poltava Orthodox Seminary where he was in the same class as the famous Ukrainian general Simon Petliura. Victor’s UK passport stated he was born in 1895 as do all available primary records (however, oral testament from Lidia contradicts this and is likelier to be valid) which makes this therefore unlikely; his father Iwan would however have been born at the right time. Since Petliura was born in 1879 this would suggest Victor was born sometime between 1878 and 1891 in Saknovschina. WIthout access to his birth certificate this will remain an unresolvable issue.
He lived at 39 Klochkovska Street, Saknovschina.
Circa 1917 after finishing his studies, Victor joined the highly patriotic, pro-independence, Ukrainian army being commanded by Simon Petliura. He became an accountant at a large German business sometime during the 1920s.
Sometime, before 1923, Victor was married, by arrangement, to a lady of unknown name from Kharkov. The marriage had been arranged based on social status, since both families were made up of intellectuals, as was common at the time. Victor had one son with this lady; Vadim Skliar. This relationship, however, was doomed to fail; the lady’s family were very strong communist supporters (she later remarried to a powerful member of the Politburo and was “given” the title of headmistress at the local comprehensive school) and partook in politics whilst it is believed Victor had possibly become an alcoholic (he supposedly drank heavily from around the age of 11). Sometime before 1926 Victor and her divorced; Victor then remarried in 1926/7 to Evdokiya Musiyenko (possibly Bondarenko), of Sakhnovschina, who was of the peasantry.
With Evdokiya Victor had one daughter, Xena who died due to malaria three months after birth, and one son, Wsewolod Skliar. Wsewolod’s documents available in the UK state he was born in 1928 however the year is possibly incorrect.
When the Germans invaded Poltava during the Second World War, Victor took up new employment, delivering food for the German army. The Germans were viewed as liberators freeing he Ukrainian people from the oppressive, communist, Soviet regime. During the War, it is believed Victor worked for the OUN, a patriotic liberation movement in the Ukraine. His connections with Petliura and the dissident Ukrainian underground network support this strongly. It is also known that other Skliar individuals (including Ivan Skliar, the bandurist), played a prominent role in the underground movement.
It was in March 1943 that tragedy struck the family. The city at that time was under German occupation and was about to become the site of a fierce battle between the Soviets and the Germans. Before launching their offensive, the city faced aerial bombardment. Victor’s wife, Evdokiya, her two sisters (one of whom was Wsewolod’s godmother) and their two children were all killed. Wsewolod and Victor survived by chance; they were both out working in the fields at the time the bomb hit their home.
This completely destroyed his childhood and his father, who had no skill in bringing up children, was forced to come to a rapid decision as to what he should do. There was a very strong fear of the Soviets retaking the city, and since the Skliars had been very anti-communist, and had been members of the resistance, he feared for their lives. Fortunately, the German company for whom he worked and by whom he was highly respected agreed to provide him passage to Germany, allowing him to escape before Soviet troops retook the city.
Victor and a group of fellow employees started the long, arduous, journey to Austria by horse and cart.
Their route took them through many countries, including Poland, and Romania. In Romania all the family possessions other than the horse and cart were stolen whilst they were sleeping during the night. At one time, near the start, of his journey, their pet dog (Bantik) was killed as he was run over by their carriage.
Eventually making it to Vienna (late 1943), they entered a transit camp; Hauzenberg [phonetic spelling]. There his father was forced to work, but Wsewolod was too young to work. Sometime in 1944 it is believed Wsewolod and his father were moved from Hauzenberg to a displaced persons camp in Aufank, Bavaria [phonetic spelling]. Information on these camps is relatively non-existent and they seem to have been labour camps where individuals could find work.
After the termination of hostilities ITS camp records mention that Victor and his son Wsewolod stayed from the 24th June 1945 to the 1st December 1945 at "Landratsamt Landshut" or "Eugenbach Landshut" a "Kategorie III" camp in Germany. A second form compiled later in 1947 gives their dates of birth; "Skljar Wsewolod 2.4.30" and "Skljar Viktor 28.7.95". It also mentions that they were borth residents of Sambir, situated in Poland at the time, in 1938 before the start of hostilities. This seems contradictory to Wsewolod's testimony and it seems likely that this residency was temporary, possiblydue to business.
His "A.E.F. D.P. Registration Record" provides further information about him including his parents, and his occupation as a book-keeper in a cooperative office. It once more mentions his last residence as Sambir. From his stay in Germany he was now also fluent in German. Under remarks October 1943is mentioned. It is unknown was this alludes to, however, it might refer to when he was first taken "captive".
After the war ended, in 1948, they were given the choice of moving to either the United Kingdom or the USA. His father Victor concluded that the UK would be the best place as he had full intentions of returning to the Ukraine after the fall of communism; this was not to be.
Victor's "A. E. F. Assembly Center Registration Card" states that he planned to join an "English Labour Mission" on the 26th February 1948 however this was cancelled by Victor on the 31st March 1948 and that he was assigned to the Ganacker displaced persons camp. A second list mentions that Victor's
To arrive in the UK, they took the train to the coast, and then caught a ship to England. In England within a few weeks both Victor and his son had been allocated jobs, however they were split up, for the first time in many years. Wsewolod was sent to Luton to work in a cement factory, where he was employed as an interpreter, being able to speak fluent Russian, Polish, Ukrainian, German and English whereas his father was employed as an agricultural worker elsewhere.
Sources1) Source: ITS Records Record for Victor Skliar. Reference: A.E.F. D.P. Registration Record (Data from direct source)
2) Source: Members of the White Movement in Russia "Скляр Іван Корнеевичр. 1880 вс. Сватки Гадячского у. Прапорщик. В Вооруженньіх силах Юга Росии. Взят в плен. С 1923 на особом учете в Роменском ГПУ, /800/" (Data from secondary evidence)
3) Source: Living Sources. Reference: Wsewolod Skliar (Data from secondary evidence)
4) Source: Records of the International Tracing Service Record for Wsewolod Skliar. Reference: A.E.F. D.P. Registration Record (Data from direct source)
5) Source: France, Vital Records Record for Wsewolod Skliar and Julia Davidenko. Reference: Mairie Saint-Laurent-Blangy (Data from direct source)
6) Source: England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-2007 Record for Victor Skliar. Reference: Database online. (Questionable reliability of evidence)
7) Source: ITS Records Records for Victor and Wsewolod Skliar. Reference: List of Russian Nationals stationed at Eugenbach, Landshut. Various lists compiled at different dates. (Data from direct source)
8) Source: ITS Records Record for Victor Skliar. Reference: A.E.F. Assmbly Center Registration Card (Data from direct source)